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Enhancing Eye Care

The ICO helps to define and shares information on appropriate eye care. We support the establishment of a universal high standard of quality for ophthalmic professional services to improve access to affordable, quality eye care for all people worldwide.


The ICO collaborates with ophthalmologic organizations, governments and non-governmental organizations to increase support for eye care and prevention of vision loss worldwide. More »

International Clinical Guidelines

International Guidelines are prepared and distributed to serve a supportive and educational role for ophthalmologists worldwide, and are intended to improve the quality of eye care… More »

Diabetic Eye Care

The Guidelines are for the screening of diabetics, and to assess and treat people with diabetic retinopathy and other ocular complications of diabetes. They address the needs and… More »


The Task Force on Glaucoma has issued ICO Guidelines for Glaucoma Eye Care, international guidelines for the evaluation and management of glaucoma, based on existing guidelines and… More »

Uncorrected Refractive Error

There are an estimated 153 million persons worldwide with visual loss from uncorrected refractive error, according to the World… More »

Eye Care Standards, Ethics & Research

Functional vision defines how a person performs in vision-related activities, more than how the eye functions (visual function). Functional vision is directly related to… More »

Data on Ophthalmologists Worldwide

Between March 2010 and April 2010, the ICO emailed a standardized survey of 12 questions to 213 global ophthalmic societies. Missing data and additional information were gathered… More »

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