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Number of Ophthalmologists in Practice and Training Worldwide

Between March 2010 and April 2010, the ICO emailed a standardized survey of 12 questions to 213 global ophthalmic societies. Missing data and additional information were gathered from direct correspondence with ophthalmologist contacts. 

The results were published in the June 2012 issue of the British Journal of Ophthalmology (BJO).  View the article: The number of ophthalmologists in practice and in training worldwide: a growing gap despite more than 200,000 practitioners.

It is important for societies to update their country's data each year so the ICO can progressively track trends.  Update your data by clicking on the "Society Leaders: Update your country's data" button above. 

 

Country Population Ophthalmologists
per Million
Total Entering
Practice
Leaving
Practice
% Doing
Surgery
Residents Updated
Afghanistan 33,736,494 4 140 6 3 70% 50 2012-03
Albania 2,923,352 30 88 17 2012-03
Algeria 39,871,528 25 1,000 2012-03
Angola 27,859,305 1 15 2012-03
Antigua and Barbuda 99,923 100 10 2012-03
Argentina 43,417,765 138 6,003 40% 2014-03
Armenia 2,916,950 103 300 20 10 20% 32 2012-03
Australia/New Zealand 28,414,088 31 895 27 17 92% 132 2012-03
Austria 8,678,657 92 800 50 20 25% 100 2012-03
Azerbaijan 9,617,484 31 300 25 5 90% 60 2012-03
Bahamas 386,838 16 6 2012-03
Bahrain 1,371,855 48 66 4 2 32% 20 2012-03
Bangladesh 161,200,886 4 610 2012-03
Barbados 284,217 35 10 2012-03
Belarus 9,485,772 63 600 13 3 10% 2012-03
Belgium 11,287,940 82 926 2012-03
Belize 359,288 28 10 2012-03
Benin 10,575,952 3 28 2012-03
Bhutan 787,386 4 3 2012-03
Bolivia 10,724,705 32 348 2014-03
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,535,961 56 198 15 2014-03
Botswana 2,209,197 1 2 2012-03
Brazil 205,962,108 71 14,679 2014-03
Brunei Darussalam 417,542 38 16 2 2 88% 2012-03
Bulgaria 7,177,396 120 862 50 50 42% 25 2012-03
Burkina Faso 18,110,624 1 22 2012-03
Burundi 10,199,270 2 16 3 30 4 2014-02
Cambodia 15,517,635 2 38 3 1 57% 16 2012-03
Cameroon 22,834,522 3 78 25 2016-01
Canada 35,949,709 32 1,137 33 19 172 2012-03
Cape Verde 532,913 8 4 2012-03
Central African Republic 4,546,100 1 6 2012-03
Chad 14,009,413 0 2 2012-03
Chile 17,762,681 45 801 2014-03
China 1,397,028,553 20 28,338 1,500 1,000 36% 8,037 2012-03
Colombia 48,228,697 41 1,997 110 80 70% 100 2014-03
Comoros 777,424 1 1 100% 2012-03
Congo 4,995,648 10 52 2 1 50% 22 2012-03
Costa Rica 4,807,852 28 134 5 2 65% 12 2014-03
Croatia 4,236,016 98 417 15 10 25% 50 2012-03
Cuba 11,461,432 164 1,879 150 10 95% 684 2014-03
Cyprus 1,160,985 56 65 2012-03
Czech Republic 10,603,762 108 1,150 40 38 35% 150 2012-03
Democratic Republic of the Congo 76,196,619 5 350 2012-03
Denmark 5,688,695 79 450 22 19 75% 100 2012-03
Djibouti 927,414 2 2 2012-03
Dominica 73,162 14 1 2012-03
Dominican Republic 10,528,394 41 428 2014-03
Ecuador 16,144,368 23 372 13 70% 32 2014-03
Egypt 93,778,172 26 2,400 150 12 90% 200 2012-03
El Salvador 6,312,478 27 169 2014-03
Equatorial Guinea 1,175,389 2 2 2012-03
Eritrea 4,846,976 0 2 2012-03
Estonia 1,315,321 99 130 4 3 20% 12 2012-03
Ethiopia 99,873,033 1 103 2012-03
Fiji 892,149 8 7 2012-03
Finland 5,481,966 104 571 2012-03
France 64,457,201 109 7,000 2012-03
Gabon 1,930,175 5 9 2012-03
Gambia 1,977,590 1 2 2012-03
Georgia 3,951,524 76 300 12 5 50% 34 2012-03
Germany 81,707,789 81 6,638 230 230 70% 1,300 2012-03
Ghana 27,582,821 2 53 3 3 80% 16 2012-03
Greece 11,217,800 178 2,000 50 30 30% 200 2012-03
Grenada 106,823 9 1 2012-03
Guam 161,797 43 7 2012-02
Guatemala 16,252,429 15 242 2014-03
Guinea 12,091,533 2 22 2016-02
Guinea-Bissau 1,770,526 1 1 2012-03
Guyana 768,514 7 5 2012-03
Haiti 10,711,061 5 55 2012-03
Honduras 8,960,829 11 103 2014-03
Hong Kong SAR China 7,245,701 32 230 9 5 90% 62 2012-03
Hungary 9,783,925 109 1,064 37% 240 2012-03
Iceland 330,243 100 33 2012-03
India 1,309,053,980 11 15,000 2016-01
Indonesia 258,162,113 5 1,240 55 18 60% 476 2012-03
Iran 79,360,487 19 1,500 58 30 80% 240 2012-03
Iraq 36,115,649 12 450 20 20 75% 50 2012-03
Ireland 4,700,107 36 170 2012-03
Israel 8,064,547 81 650 10 10 90% 60 2012-03
Italy 59,504,212 68 4,074 2012-03
Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) 23,108,472 2 53 2012-03
Jamaica 2,871,934 15 43 2012-03
Japan 127,974,958 109 13,911 180 150 50% 1,317 2012-03
Jordan 9,159,302 25 231 2012-03
Kazakhstan 17,749,648 33 583 2012-03
Kenya 47,236,259 2 86 5 1 85% 32 2012-03
Kiribati 112,407 0 0 2012-03
Kosovo 1,816,000 42 76 2 1 43.4% 6 2012-03
Kuwait 3,935,794 18 72 2012-03
Kyrgyzstan 5,865,401 44 260 2012-03
Laos 6,663,967 3 22 2012-03
Latvia 1,992,663 126 252 2 2 25% 6 2012-03
Lebanon 5,851,479 42 245 9 3 80% 12 2012-03
Lesotho 2,174,645 1 2 2012-03
Liberia 4,499,621 1 6 2012-03
Libya 6,234,955 29 180 2012-03
Lithuania 2,931,926 119 350 30 2012-03
Luxembourg 566,741 88 50 2012-03
Macedonia 2,079,308 77 160 2012-03
Madagascar 24,234,088 2 44 4 2 59% 12 2012-03
Malawi 17,573,607 0 4 2012-03
Malaysia 30,723,155 12 380 40 2 100% 140 2012-03
Maldives 418,403 31 13 1 2 70% 1 2012-03
Mali 17,467,905 2 30 2012-03
Malta 427,616 49 21 2012-03
Marshall Islands 52,994 0 0 2012-03
Mauritania 4,182,341 1 6 2012-03
Mauritius 1,259,456 6 8 2012-03
Mexico 125,890,949 43 5,459 150 100 90% 435 2014-03
Micronesia (Federated States of) 518,995 0 0 2012-03
Mongolia 2,976,877 38 113 8 5 53% 8 2012-03
Montenegro 628,178 0 0 0 2013-03
Morocco 34,803,322 30 1,030 2012-03
Mozambique 28,010,691 1 18 2012-03
Myanmar 52,403,669 3 166 2012-03
Namibia 2,425,561 1 2 2012-03
Nauru 11,260 0 0 2012-03
Nepal 28,656,282 4 110 2012-03
Netherlands 16,938,499 54 916 22 18 40% 134 2012-03
Nicaragua 6,082,035 17 101 2014-03
Niger 19,896,965 0 7 2012-03
Nigeria 181,181,744 3 510 20 2 78% 67 2012-09
North Korea 25,243,917 49 1,230 100 20 85% 400 2012-03
Norway 5,199,836 68 351 23 15 57% 72 2012-03
Oman 4,199,810 30 126 8 4 60% 7 2012-03
Pakistan 189,380,513 10 1,860 2012-03
Palau 21,288 0 0 2012-03
Palestine 4,750,000 16 74 12 2014-08
Panama 3,969,249 29 116 2014-03
Papua New Guinea 7,919,825 1 6 2012-03
Paraguay 6,639,119 32 214 2014-03
Peru 31,376,671 32 1,011 30 20 30% 90 2014-03
Philippines 101,716,359 14 1,467 210 2012-03
Poland 38,265,226 110 4,219 110 230 8% 581 2012-03
Portugal 10,418,473 70 734 2012-03
Puerto Rico 3,673,728 45 165 4 2 90% 16 2012-03
Qatar 2,481,539 13 32 2012-03
Republic of Moldova 4,065,980 66 270 7 7 30% 29 2012-03
Romania 19,876,621 52 1,029 48 15 30% 300 2012-03
Russian Federation 143,888,004 101 14,600 450 400 10% 1,200 2012-03
Rwanda 11,629,553 1 7 2012-03
Saint Kitts and Nevis 54,288 0 0 2012-03
Saint Lucia 177,206 6 1 2012-03
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 109,455 18 2 2012-03
Samoa 193,759 5 1 2012-03
San Marino 32,960 0 0 2012-03
Sao Tome and Principe 195,553 5 1 2012-03
Saudi Arabia 31,557,144 18 582 2012-03
Senegal 14,976,994 3 48 2012-03
Serbia 8,851,280 85 750 30 20 23% 87 2012-03
Seychelles 93,742 43 4 2012-03
Sierra Leone 7,237,025 1 4 2012-03
Singapore 5,535,262 24 131 2012-03
Slovakia 5,439,318 68 370 2012-03
Slovenia 2,074,788 76 158 2012-03
Solomon Islands 587,482 10 6 2012-03
Somalia 13,908,129 0 4 2012-03
South Africa 55,291,225 6 324 18 15 82 2012-03
South Korea 50,593,662 40 2,026 2012-03
Spain 46,397,664 71 3,305 160 50 80% 500 2012-03
Sri Lanka 20,714,040 5 104 3 1 82% 28 2012-03
Sudan 38,647,803 9 366 28 4 60% 126 2014-03
Suriname 553,208 18 10 2012-03
Swaziland 1,319,011 1 1 2012-03
Sweden 9,763,565 76 740 35 30 40% 130 2012-03
Switzerland 8,319,769 91 758 36 35 65% 120 2012-03
Syria 18,734,987 36 680 2012-03
Taiwan (ROC) 23,485,755 67 1,580 47 15 75% 172 2012-03
Tajikistan 8,548,651 9 77 2012-03
Tanzania 53,879,957 1 27 2012-03
Thailand 68,657,600 15 1,021 60 8 90% 180 2012-03
Timor-Leste 1,240,977 4 5 2012-03
Togo 7,416,802 3 19 1 1 81% 8 2012-03
Tonga 106,364 9 1 2012-03
Trinidad and Tobago 1,360,092 12 16 2012-03
Tunisia 11,273,661 32 358 2012-03
Turkey 78,271,472 45 3,550 150 50 90% 600 2013-07
Turkmenistan 5,565,284 22 120 2012-03
Tuvalu 11,001 0 0 2012-03
Uganda 40,144,870 1 37 4 2012-03
Ukraine 44,657,704 69 3,080 2012-03
United Arab Emirates 9,154,302 14 125 2012-03
United Kingdom 65,397,080 49 3,200 100 70 90% 700 2012-03
United States 319,929,162 59 18,805 440 80% 1,417 2012-04
Uruguay 3,431,552 56 193 2014-03
Uzbekistan 30,976,021 66 2,054 2012-03
Vanuatu 264,603 4 1 2012-03
Venezuela 31,155,134 57 1,764 210 2014-03
Vietnam 93,571,567 14 1,295 150 18 90% 20 2012-03
Yemen 26,916,207 2 66 2012-03
Zambia 16,100,587 1 15 1 1 80% 4 2012-03
Zimbabwe 15,777,451 2 26 2012-03
Worldwide Totals 7,368,228,295 29 210,730 5,172 2,974 60.19% 22,225

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