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Number of Ophthalmologists in Practice and Training Worldwide

Between March 2010 and April 2010, the ICO emailed a standardized survey of 12 questions to 213 global ophthalmic societies. Missing data and additional information were gathered from direct correspondence with ophthalmologist contacts. 

The results were published in the June 2012 issue of the British Journal of Ophthalmology (BJO).  View the article: The number of ophthalmologists in practice and in training worldwide: a growing gap despite more than 200,000 practitioners.

It is important for societies to update their country's data each year so the ICO can progressively track trends.  Update your data by clicking on the "Society Leaders: Update your country's data" button above. 

 

Country Population Ophthalmologists
per Million
Total Entering
Practice
Leaving
Practice
% Doing
Surgery
Residents Updated
Afghanistan 32,527 4,304 140 6 3 70% 50 2012-03
Albania 2,897 30,376 88 17 2012-03
Algeria 39,667 25,210 1,000 2012-03
Angola 25,022 599 15 2012-03
Antigua and Barbuda 92 108,696 10 2012-03
Argentina 43,417 138,264 6,003 40% 2014-03
Armenia 3,018 99,404 300 20 10 20% 32 2012-03
Australia/New Zealand 28,497 31,407 895 27 17 92% 132 2012-03
Austria 8,545 93,622 800 50 20 25% 100 2012-03
Azerbaijan 9,754 30,757 300 25 5 90% 60 2012-03
Bahamas 388 15,464 6 2012-03
Bahrain 1,377 47,930 66 4 2 32% 20 2012-03
Bangladesh 160,996 3,789 610 2012-03
Barbados 284 35,211 10 2012-03
Belarus 9,496 63,184 600 13 3 10% 2012-03
Belgium 11,299 81,954 926 2012-03
Belize 359 27,855 10 2012-03
Benin 10,880 2,574 28 2012-03
Bhutan 775 3,871 3 2012-03
Bolivia 10,725 32,448 348 2014-03
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,810 51,969 198 15 2014-03
Botswana 2,262 884 2 2012-03
Brazil 207,848 70,624 14,679 2014-03
Brunei Darussalam 423 37,825 16 2 2 88% 2012-03
Bulgaria 7,150 120,559 862 50 50 42% 25 2012-03
Burkina Faso 18,106 1,215 22 2012-03
Burundi 11,179 1,431 16 3 30 4 2014-02
Cambodia 15,578 2,439 38 3 1 57% 16 2012-03
Cameroon 19,598 3,980 78 25 2016-01
Canada 35,940 31,636 1,137 33 19 172 2012-03
Cape Verde 521 7,678 4 2012-03
Central African Republic 4,900 1,224 6 2012-03
Chad 14,037 142 2 2012-03
Chile 17,948 44,629 801 2014-03
China 1,376,049 20,594 28,338 1,500 1,000 36% 8,037 2012-03
Colombia 48,229 41,407 1,997 110 80 70% 100 2014-03
Comoros 788 1,269 1 100% 2012-03
Congo 4,620 11,255 52 2 1 50% 22 2012-03
Costa Rica 4,808 27,870 134 5 2 65% 12 2014-03
Croatia 4,240 98,349 417 15 10 25% 50 2012-03
Cuba 11,390 164,969 1,879 150 10 95% 684 2014-03
Cyprus 1,165 55,794 65 2012-03
Czech Republic 10,543 109,077 1,150 40 38 35% 150 2012-03
Democratic Republic of the Congo 77,267 4,530 350 2012-03
Denmark 5,669 79,379 450 22 19 75% 100 2012-03
Djibouti 888 2,252 2 2012-03
Dominica 73 13,699 1 2012-03
Dominican Republic 10,528 40,653 428 2014-03
Ecuador 16,144 23,043 372 13 70% 32 2014-03
Egypt 91,508 26,227 2,400 150 12 90% 200 2012-03
El Salvador 6,127 27,583 169 2014-03
Equatorial Guinea 845 2,367 2 2012-03
Eritrea 5,228 383 2 2012-03
Estonia 1,313 99,010 130 4 3 20% 12 2012-03
Ethiopia 99,391 1,036 103 2012-03
Fiji 892 7,848 7 2012-03
Finland 5,503 103,762 571 2012-03
France 64,395 108,704 7,000 2012-03
Gabon 1,725 5,217 9 2012-03
Gambia 1,991 1,005 2 2012-03
Georgia 4,000 75,000 300 12 5 50% 34 2012-03
Germany 80,689 82,266 6,638 230 230 70% 1,300 2012-03
Ghana 27,410 1,934 53 3 3 80% 16 2012-03
Greece 10,955 182,565 2,000 50 30 30% 200 2012-03
Grenada 107 9,346 1 2012-03
Guam 170 41,176 7 2012-02
Guatemala 16,343 14,808 242 2014-03
Guinea 12,609 1,745 22 2016-02
Guinea-Bissau 1,844 542 1 2012-03
Guyana 767 6,519 5 2012-03
Haiti 10,711 5,135 55 2012-03
Honduras 8,075 12,755 103 2014-03
Hong Kong SAR China 7,288 31,559 230 9 5 90% 62 2012-03
Hungary 9,855 107,965 1,064 37% 240 2012-03
Iceland 329 100,304 33 2012-03
India 1,311,051 11,441 15,000 2016-01
Indonesia 257,564 4,814 1,240 55 18 60% 476 2012-03
Iran 79,109 18,961 1,500 58 30 80% 240 2012-03
Iraq 36,423 12,355 450 20 20 75% 50 2012-03
Ireland 4,688 36,263 170 2012-03
Israel 8,064 80,605 650 10 10 90% 60 2012-03
Italy 59,798 68,129 4,074 2012-03
Ivory Coast (CĂ´te d'Ivoire) 22,702 2,335 53 2012-03
Jamaica 2,793 15,396 43 2012-03
Japan 126,573 109,905 13,911 180 150 50% 1,317 2012-03
Jordan 7,595 30,415 231 2012-03
Kazakhstan 17,625 33,078 583 2012-03
Kenya 46,050 1,868 86 5 1 85% 32 2012-03
Kiribati 112 0 0 2012-03
Kosovo 2,200,000 35 76 2 1 43.4% 6 2012-03
Kuwait 3,892 18,499 72 2012-03
Kyrgyzstan 5,940 43,771 260 2012-03
Laos 6,802 3,234 22 2012-03
Latvia 1,971 127,854 252 2 2 25% 6 2012-03
Lebanon 5,851 41,873 245 9 3 80% 12 2012-03
Lesotho 2,135 937 2 2012-03
Liberia 4,503 1,332 6 2012-03
Libya 6,278 28,672 180 2012-03
Lithuania 2,878 121,612 350 30 2012-03
Luxembourg 567 88,183 50 2012-03
Macedonia 2,078 76,997 160 2012-03
Madagascar 24,235 1,816 44 4 2 59% 12 2012-03
Malawi 17,215 232 4 2012-03
Malaysia 30,331 12,528 380 40 2 100% 140 2012-03
Maldives 364 35,714 13 1 2 70% 1 2012-03
Mali 17,600 1,705 30 2012-03
Malta 419 50,119 21 2012-03
Marshall Islands 53 0 0 2012-03
Mauritania 4,068 1,475 6 2012-03
Mauritius 1,273 6,284 8 2012-03
Mexico 127,017 42,978 5,459 150 100 90% 435 2014-03
Micronesia (Federated States of) 111,064 0 0 2012-03
Mongolia 2,959 38,189 113 8 5 53% 8 2012-03
Montenegro 626 0 0 0 2013-03
Morocco 34,378 29,961 1,030 2012-03
Mozambique 27,978 643 18 2012-03
Myanmar 53,897 3,080 166 2012-03
Namibia 2,459 813 2 2012-03
Nauru 10 0 0 2012-03
Nepal 28,514 3,858 110 2012-03
Netherlands 16,925 54,121 916 22 18 40% 134 2012-03
Nicaragua 6,082 16,606 101 2014-03
Niger 19,899 352 7 2012-03
Nigeria 182,202 2,799 510 20 2 78% 67 2012-09
North Korea 25,155 48,897 1,230 100 20 85% 400 2012-03
Norway 5,211 67,358 351 23 15 57% 72 2012-03
Oman 4,491 28,056 126 8 4 60% 7 2012-03
Pakistan 188,925 9,845 1,860 2012-03
Palau 21 0 0 2012-03
Palestine 4,668 15,853 74 12 2014-08
Panama 3,929 29,524 116 2014-03
Papua New Guinea 7,619 788 6 2012-03
Paraguay 6,639 32,234 214 2014-03
Peru 31,377 32,221 1,011 30 20 30% 90 2014-03
Philippines 100,699 14,568 1,467 210 2012-03
Poland 38,612 109,267 4,219 110 230 8% 581 2012-03
Portugal 10,350 70,918 734 2012-03
Puerto Rico 3,683 44,800 165 4 2 90% 16 2012-03
Qatar 2,235 14,318 32 2012-03
Republic of Moldova 4,069 66,355 270 7 7 30% 29 2012-03
Romania 19,511 52,739 1,029 48 15 30% 300 2012-03
Russian Federation 143,457 101,773 14,600 450 400 10% 1,200 2012-03
Rwanda 11,610 603 7 2012-03
Saint Kitts and Nevis 56 0 0 2012-03
Saint Lucia 185 5,405 1 2012-03
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 109 18,349 2 2012-03
Samoa 193 5,181 1 2012-03
San Marino 32 0 0 2012-03
Sao Tome and Principe 190 5,263 1 2012-03
Saudi Arabia 31,540 18,453 582 2012-03
Senegal 15,129 3,173 48 2012-03
Serbia 8,851 84,736 750 30 20 23% 87 2012-03
Seychelles 96 41,667 4 2012-03
Sierra Leone 6,453 620 4 2012-03
Singapore 5,604 23,376 131 2012-03
Slovakia 5,426 68,190 370 2012-03
Slovenia 2,068 76,402 158 2012-03
Solomon Islands 584 10,274 6 2012-03
Somalia 10,787 371 4 2012-03
South Africa 54,490 5,946 324 18 15 82 2012-03
South Korea 50,293 40,284 2,026 2012-03
Spain 46,122 71,658 3,305 160 50 80% 500 2012-03
Sri Lanka 20,715 5,021 104 3 1 82% 28 2012-03
Sudan 40,235 9,097 366 28 4 60% 126 2014-03
Suriname 543 18,416 10 2012-03
Swaziland 1,287 777 1 2012-03
Sweden 9,779 75,672 740 35 30 40% 130 2012-03
Switzerland 8,299 91,336 758 36 35 65% 120 2012-03
Syria 18,502 36,753 680 2012-03
Taiwan (ROC) 23,305,021 68 1,580 47 15 75% 172 2012-03
Tajikistan 8,482 9,078 77 2012-03
Tanzania 53,470 505 27 2012-03
Thailand 67,959 15,024 1,021 60 8 90% 180 2012-03
Timor-Leste 1,185 4,219 5 2012-03
Togo 7,305 2,601 19 1 1 81% 8 2012-03
Tonga 106 9,434 1 2012-03
Trinidad and Tobago 1,360 11,765 16 2012-03
Tunisia 11,254 31,811 358 2012-03
Turkey 78,666 45,128 3,550 150 50 90% 600 2013-07
Turkmenistan 5,374 22,330 120 2012-03
Tuvalu 10 0 0 2012-03
Uganda 39,032 948 37 4 2012-03
Ukraine 44,824 68,713 3,080 2012-03
United Arab Emirates 9,157 13,651 125 2012-03
United Kingdom 64,716 49,447 3,200 100 70 90% 700 2012-03
United States 321,774 58,442 18,805 440 80% 1,417 2012-04
Uruguay 3,432 56,235 193 2014-03
Uzbekistan 29,893 68,712 2,054 2012-03
Vanuatu 265 3,774 1 2012-03
Venezuela 31,108 56,706 1,764 210 2014-03
Vietnam 93,448 13,858 1,295 150 18 90% 20 2012-03
Yemen 26,832 2,460 66 2012-03
Zambia 16,212 925 15 1 1 80% 4 2012-03
Zimbabwe 15,603 1,666 26 2012-03
Worldwide Totals 32,920,713 6,401 210,730 5,172 2,974 60.19% 22,225

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