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Clinical Ophthalmology (Part C)


The Clinical Ophthalmology Examination is offered to Ophthalmologists who have passed the complete Visual Sciences Examination for Ophthalmologists (including Optics, Refraction, and Instruments) or an examination of similar standard recognised by the International Council of Ophthalmology.

This Examination is designed to discover whether candidates have acquired the breadth and depth of knowledge of the clinical sciences related to ophthalmology to enable them to recognize and treat diseases of the eye which they will come in contact with in day to day practice.

The Examination is presented in a booklet and consists of 200 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) over a four hour period. Each question consists of four options, single best answer.

The candidates enter their answers on response sheets which are computer marked. A positive mark is awarded for each correct answer. No mark is given to those questions marked incorrectly or left blank. The computerized results are then analyzed by the Examinations Committee.

Answering all the questions accurately is the best way of obtaining a passing grade but, because accuracy is very important and take time, it is still possible to pass the examinations without completing all the questions.


  • General Medicine related to Ophthalmology.
  • Community and Public Health.
  • Ophthalmic Pathology and Tumours.
  • Neuro-ophthalmology.
  • Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus.
  • Orbit, Eyelids and Lacrimal Disease.
  • External Diseases and Cornea.
  • Intraocular Inflammation and Uveitis.
  • Glaucoma.
  • Lens and Cataract.
  • Retina and Vitreous.


As this is a secure international examination it takes time for all the papers to be returned for scoring. For this reason, the results are not produced immediately.

Results of the ICO Clinical Ophthalmology Examination will be mailed to candidates in June.

For candidates who enroll directly with the Examination Office, detailed results are sent by airmail to their home addresses, as given on the application forms.

For candidates who are part of a group booking from a coordinator, the result envelopes are sent by courier direct to the coordinator for distribution.

By order of the International Council Ophthalmology, results from other test centers will not be released and will remain confidential


The Clinical Ophthalmology Examination is translated into Chinese, French, Spanish and Portuguese.


Provided a candidate has satisfied the regulations with regard to the Visual Sciences Examination he/she will be given a signed certificate indicating whether he/she has.

This certificate can be presented as evidence of achievement of a high standard of knowledge of the Clinical Science related to Ophthalmology.

  • passed the Clinical Ophthalmology
  • passed with Distinction
  • passed with Merit

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