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Clinical Ophthalmology (Part C)


The Clinical Ophthalmology Examination is offered to Ophthalmologists who have passed the complete Visual Science Examination for Ophthalmologists (including Optics, Refraction, and Instruments) or an examination of similar standard recognised by the International Council of Ophthalmology.

This Examination is designed to discover whether candidates have acquired the breadth and depth of knowledge of the clinical sciences related to ophthalmology to enable them to recognise and treat diseases of the eye which they will come in contact with in day to day practice.

The Examination is presented in a booklet and consists of 200 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) over a four hour period. Each question consists of four options, single best answer.

The candidates enter their answers on response sheets which are computer marked. A positive mark is awarded for each correct answer. No mark is given to those questions marked incorrectly of left blank. The computerised results are then analysed by the Examinations Committee.

Answering all the questions accurately is the best way of obtaining a pass grade but, because accuracy is very important and take time, it is still possible to pass the examinations without completing all the questions.


  • General Medicine related to Ophthalmology.
  • Community and Public Health.
  • Ophthalmic Pathology and Tumours.
  • Neuro-ophthalmology.
  • Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus.
  • Orbit, Eyelids and Lacrimal Disease.
  • External Diseases and Cornea.
  • Intraocular Inflammation and Uveitis.
  • Glaucoma.
  • Lens and Cataract.
  • Retina and Vitreous.


As this is a secure international examination it takes time for all the papers to be returned for scoring. For this reason the results are not produced immediately.

Results of the ICO Clinical Ophthalmology Examination will be mailed to candidates in June.

For candidates who enroll direct with the Examination Office, detailed results are sent by air mail to their home addresses, as given on the application forms.

For candidates who are part of a group booking from a co-ordinator the result envelopes are sent by courier direct to the co-ordinator for distribution.

By order of the International Council Ophthalmology, results from other test centres will not be released and will remain confidential


As of 2015 the Clinical Ophthalmology Examination will be translated into Chinese, French, Spanish and Portuguese.


Provided a candidate has satisfied the regulations with regard to the Visual Science Examination he/she will be given a signed certificate indicating whether he/she has.

This certificate can be presented as evidence of achievement of a high standard of knowledge of the Clinical Science related to Ophthalmology.

  • passed the Clinical Science
  • passed with Distinction
  • passed with Merit

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