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ICO Exams Instructions for Candidates and Syllabus: Advanced

Instructions for Candidates and Syllabus for Advanced Exam. Download the syllabus.  More »

ICO Strategic Plan 2017–2020

The ICO has defined a strategic plan covering 2017–2020. You can download a summary of the ICO Strategic… More »

Surgical Assessment Tool: ICO-OSCAR in English, Mandarin Chinese, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Thai, Vietnamese, and French

The ICO-Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubric (ICO-OSCAR) is a standardized, internationally-valid tool to… More »

Topic Subspecialty Rating Date ICO Member Resource Name & Description Author

Advocacy/Vision 2020

Research

not yet rated September 15, 2015 Advocacy Tool and Article: Estimating the Cost of Blindness

Ophthalmic Epidemiology published two simple cost models developed by Eckert et al.1 that estimate the annual loss of economic productivity from blindness and moderate to severe visual impairment (MSVI) based on minimum wage (MW) and gross national income (GNI) per capita. The article, A Simple Method for Estimating the Economic Cost of Productivity Loss Due to Blindness and Moderate to Severe Visual Impairment, concludes the global economy would have much to gain if eye care were made more accessible and affordable to all.


XLSX (13 KB) | Save to My ICO
Eckert KA, Carter MJ, Lansingh VC, et al.

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