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ICO Exams Instructions for Candidates and Syllabus: Advanced

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Topic Subspecialty Rating Date ICO Member Resource Name & Description Author

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not yet rated December 13, 2017 Cataract surgery and environmental sustainability: Waste and lifecycle assessment of phacoemulsification at a private healthcare facility

Aravind Eye Care System in southern India generates 250 grams of waste per phacoemulsification and nearly 6 kilograms of carbon dioxide-equivalents in greenhouse gases. This is approximately 5% of the United Kingdom's phaco carbon footprint with comparable outcomes. A majority of Aravind's lifecycle environmental emissions occur in the sterilization process of reusable instruments because their surgical system uses largely reusable instruments and materials. Electricity use in the operating room and the Central Sterile Services Department (CSSD) accounts for 10% to 25% of most environmental emissions.

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Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery

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