skip to navigation


Featured Resources


ICO Endorses Global Ban on Consumer Fireworks

The ICO endorses a global ban on consumer fireworks and encourages ICO member societies to advocate for legislation to ban… More »


Advocacy Tool and Article: Estimating the Cost of Blindness

Ophthalmic Epidemiology published two simple cost models developed by Eckert et al.1 that estimate the annual loss of… More »


Cybersight from Orbis

Cybersight® is a telehealth and education program focused on increasing the capacity of human resources in eye health… More »

Showing 1-20 of 362
Topic Subspecialty Rating Date ICO Member Resource Name & Description Author
not yet rated February 26, 2019 Orbis International Launches eLearning courses in Spanish and Mandarin
Orbis International has launched four new courses on their telemedicine platform, Anyone can register and access the new Spanish and Mandarin versions of “Fundamentals in MSICS” and “Ophthalmic Nursing Fundamentals”.
URL | Save to My ICO
ORBIS International
not yet rated January 21, 2019 Integrated Care for Diabetes and Eye Health: A Global Compendium of Good Practice

| Save to My ICO
not yet rated January 21, 2019 Helen Keller Foundation 2020 Award Call for Nominations

DOCX (401 KB) | Save to My ICO

ICO Examinations

not yet rated September 26, 2018 ICO Exams Instruction Book - Clinical Ophthalmology
Instruction Book for the ICO's Clinical Ophthalmology Examinations.
PDF (167 KB) | Save to My ICO

ICO Examinations

not yet rated September 26, 2018 ICO Exams Instruction Book - Optics, Refraction and Instruments
Instruction book for the ICO's Optics, Refraction and Instruments Examinations.
PDF (165 KB) | Save to My ICO

ICO Examinations

not yet rated September 26, 2018 ICO Exams Instruction Book - Visual Sciences
Instruction book for the ICO's Visual Sciences exams.
PDF (185 KB) | Save to My ICO

ICO Examinations

not yet rated September 26, 2018 ICO Exams - e-source resources
This document is a guide to useful texts, websites etc. It contains texts and websites which cover the areas to be studied to acquire the knowledge to pass the examination.
DOCX (40 KB) | Save to My ICO
not yet rated September 26, 2018 2018 China-Africa Eye Health Cooperation Forum Report
Summary report on the 2018 China-Africa Eye Health Cooperation Forum.
PDF (1 MB) | Save to My ICO


not yet rated June 15, 2018 The Barcelona Principles: An Agreement on the use of human donated tissue for ocular transplantation, research, and future technologies.

The Barcelona Principles were developed by the Global Alliance of Eye Bank Associations (Lead), in conjunction with the International Council of Ophthalmology, International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness, The Cornea Society, and in regions without eye bank representation, and in regions without an eye bank association, ophthalmology societies such as the Ophthalmology Society of the West Indies, and the Pacific Eye Care Society. They provide guidance to Custodians, and those requiring human tissue for ocular surgery, training and future technologies.

Access versions of The Barcelona Principles in Arabic, Chinese (simplified), French, Portuguese-Brazilian and Spanish (Latin).

The Global Alliance of Eye Bank Associations acknowledge the Centre for Eye Research Australia for overseeing the project, and for individual languages: Arabic: Haitham Al Mahrouqi, Chinese: Chia-Li Pang, French: Christine Milot and Patricia-Ann Laughrea, Portuguese-Brazilian: Ana Maria Guimarães Garcia, Luciene Barbosa de Sousa, and Bruno Lovaglio Cançado Trindade, and Spanish: Enrique O Graue-Hernández.

URL | Save to My ICO
Gloabal Alliance of Eye Bank Alliances

ICO Examinations

5 Stars (1) May 1, 2018 ICO Exams Application Form for Subspecialty Examination

ICO Exams Application Form for the Subspecialty Examination 2018.

Download the ICO Subspecialty Exam application form.

URL | Save to My ICO

Education Initiatives

not yet rated April 12, 2018 ICO Position on Training Teams

The International Council of Ophthalmology advocates for and encourages comprehensive team training as an essential strategy to achieve Universal Eye Health.

There is evidence that patients receive higher quality care and are safer when services are provided by effective teams. Training as a team promotes better communication, coordination, and cooperation.

Transitioning from traditional clinical, institutionally-based training for ophthalmologists to a wider team-based training approach will both optimize performance and contribute to accessible, affordable, comprehensive eye care for the betterment of our patients and communities.


  • Board of Directors, International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO)
  • Board of Directors, International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB)
  • Board of Directors, International Joint Commission on Allied Health Personnel in Ophthalmology (IJCAHPO)
  • Board of Directors, Joint Commission on Allied Health Personnel in Ophthalmology (JCAHPO)

Read the ICO Position on Training Teams

URL (252 KB) | Save to My ICO

Eye Care

not yet rated March 28, 2018 RAAB Repository

Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness (RAAB) is a rapid, population-based survey methodology on blindness, visual impairment and eye care services among people aged 50 years and over. Findings from RACSS and RAAB are essential as baseline data for planning of intervention programmes to eliminate avoidable blindness, and to measure achievements over time of ongoing intervention programmes.

Learn more at

URL | Save to My ICO
RAAB Repository


Subspecialty Education

4 Stars (11) March 16, 2018 ICO Member Surgical Assessment Tool: ICO-OSCAR in English, Mandarin Chinese, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Thai, Vietnamese, and French

The ICO Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubric (ICO-OSCAR) is a standardized, internationally-valid tool to teach and assess an ophthalmologist’s competence in performing surgery. This behavioral and skill-based rubric for evaluators, allows the evaluator to use the ICO-OSCAR to objectively assess the resident’s competence in performing a specific procedure. It also gives the resident a tool to better gauge their own performance.  

The ICO currently offers ICO-OSCAR's for Extracapsular Cataract Extraction, Phacoemulsification, Pediatric Cataract Surgery, Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS), Strabismus, Lateral Tarsal Strip Surgery, Trabeculectomy, and Vitrectomy in English. Selected ICO-OSCAR's are available in Mandarin Chinese, French, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, and Vietnamese.

| Save to My ICO



Ophthalmic Educators

Ophthalmology Residency Education

5 Stars (2) December 30, 2017 ICO International Guidelines for Accreditation of Ophthalmology Training Programs

The ICO Accreditation and Certification Committee has developed recommended guidelines for ophthalmology  training programs. These guidelines can be used as written or adapted for local needs by training program directors and departments as benchmarks to strive for, or by accreditation bodies to guide their accreditation process.

| Save to My ICO


not yet rated December 13, 2017 Cataract surgery and environmental sustainability: Waste and lifecycle assessment of phacoemulsification at a private healthcare facility

Aravind Eye Care System in southern India generates 250 grams of waste per phacoemulsification and nearly 6 kilograms of carbon dioxide-equivalents in greenhouse gases. This is approximately 5% of the United Kingdom's phaco carbon footprint with comparable outcomes. A majority of Aravind's lifecycle environmental emissions occur in the sterilization process of reusable instruments because their surgical system uses largely reusable instruments and materials. Electricity use in the operating room and the Central Sterile Services Department (CSSD) accounts for 10% to 25% of most environmental emissions.

Read more about the papers conclusions and download a full PDF.

URL | Save to My ICO
Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery


not yet rated December 11, 2017 Basic Course in Glaucoma

This course consists of 4 modules that address basic aspects of glaucoma diagnosis: Intraocular Pressure, Gonioscopy, Standard Automated Perimetry, and Clinical Examination of the Optic Nerve.

These modules were written by world renowned experts in the field, and reviewed by members of the WGA Education Committee. They are intended for ophthalmologists and other eye-care providers.

URL | Save to My ICO
World Glaucoma Association

Advocacy/Vision 2020

Diabetic Eye Care

not yet rated December 4, 2017 Global Statement on Diabetes and Eye Heath

The ICO, International Diabetes Federation, World Council of Optometry, and International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness have released a jointGlobal Statement on Diabetes and Eye Heath calling for urgent action from governments, medical associations, service providers, and patient organizations to:

  1. Integrate eye health within routine diabetes care by primary health care providers
  2. Improve collaboration across the diabetes and eye health sectors
  3. Foster and support patient-centered care approaches for diabetic eye health.

URL | Save to My ICO
5 Stars (1) October 13, 2017 ICO 360° Assessment Tool

The ICO 360° Assessment is a multi-source feedback tool to assess and provide feedback to residents regarding their competence in “soft skills” such as interpersonal and communication skills, professionalism, and system-based practice. The ICO recommends 360-degree assessments for evaluations, and this is the first tool developed for ophthalmology residents that has received international content validation.

Download below:

| Save to My ICO
not yet rated October 2, 2017 Cannula dacryocystorhinostomy: a simple, innovative and cost-effective method of lacrimal surgery

This is a simple and cost effective technique require minimal resources and provide same results.

Access the resource.

| Save to My ICO
Shreya Shah

Advocacy/Vision 2020


not yet rated September 27, 2017 ICO Position Statement on Corneal Tissue for Ocular Transplant

The ICO, Cornea Society, and Global Alliance of Eye Bank Associations, encourage Custodians (ophthalmologists, eye banks, Ministries of Health, clinical service providers, and non-governmental advocacy groups) to promote national sustainable self-sufficient practice and policy, in relation to quality and safety, procedure, procurement, processing, and equitable distribution of human Corneal Tissue (CT), through implementing ethical, affordable, and standardized legislation, policy, best practices and service.


URL | Save to My ICO

Stay connected:         Follow us on Instagram

Web site design and web development by D3 Solutions