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Spanish Language COVID-19 Webinars

Spanish language webinars focusing on COVID-19 from the Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology (PAAO) in partnership with… More »


History of Ophthlamology

View a video on the History of Ophthalmology on the International Council of Ophthalmology YouTube Channel:… More »


ICO Exams Instruction Book - Clinical Ophthalmology

Instruction Book for the ICO's Clinical Ophthalmology Examinations. More »

Topic Subspecialty Rating Date ICO Member Resource Name & Description Author

Education Initiatives

5 Stars (1) April 12, 2018 ICO Position on Training Teams

The International Council of Ophthalmology advocates for and encourages comprehensive team training as an essential strategy to achieve Universal Eye Health.

There is evidence that patients receive higher quality care and are safer when services are provided by effective teams. Training as a team promotes better communication, coordination, and cooperation.

Transitioning from traditional clinical, institutionally-based training for ophthalmologists to a wider team-based training approach will both optimize performance and contribute to accessible, affordable, comprehensive eye care for the betterment of our patients and communities.


  • Board of Directors, International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO)
  • Board of Directors, International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB)
  • Board of Directors, International Joint Commission on Allied Health Personnel in Ophthalmology (IJCAHPO)
  • Board of Directors, Joint Commission on Allied Health Personnel in Ophthalmology (JCAHPO)

Read the ICO Position on Training Teams

URL (252 KB) | Save to My ICO

Courses for Residency Program Directors


Education Initiatives

Ophthalmology Residency Education

5 Stars (1) June 30, 2014 ICO Residency Program Director Role Description in English and Spanish
The ICO Teaching the Teachers Committee has developed a document describing the role of a Residency Program Director. By clearly defining this role, the document will serve to support those already in this position, as a reference to demonstrate this position is needed, and to clarify that this should be a separate person from the department or program chair. The role description is available in English and Spanish.
PDF (841 KB) | Save to My ICO


Education Initiatives

not yet rated March 15, 2011 Transforming Education to Strengthen Health Systems
This Lancet Journal article from November 2010 reports on the work of the Lancet Commission. The article highlights perceived inequities in health within and between countries and a failure to equitably share health care advances.
PDF (2 MB) | Save to My ICO

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