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Featured Resources


Advocacy Tool and Article: Estimating the Cost of Blindness

Ophthalmic Epidemiology published two simple cost models developed by Eckert et al.1 that estimate the annual loss of… More »

ICO Strategic Plan 2017–2020

The ICO has defined a strategic plan covering 2017–2020. You can download a summary of the ICO Strategic… More »


ICO Exams Instruction Book - Visual Sciences

Instruction book for the ICO's Visual Sciences exams. More »

Topic Subspecialty Rating Date ICO Member Resource Name & Description Author


Education Initiatives

not yet rated March 15, 2011 Transforming Education to Strengthen Health Systems
This Lancet Journal article from November 2010 reports on the work of the Lancet Commission. The article highlights perceived inequities in health within and between countries and a failure to equitably share health care advances.
PDF (2 MB) | Save to My ICO

Courses for Residency Program Directors


Education Initiatives

Ophthalmology Residency Education

not yet rated June 30, 2014 ICO Residency Program Director Role Description in English and Spanish
The ICO Teaching the Teachers Committee has developed a document describing the role of a Residency Program Director. By clearly defining this role, the document will serve to support those already in this position, as a reference to demonstrate this position is needed, and to clarify that this should be a separate person from the department or program chair. The role description is available in English and Spanish.
PDF (841 KB) | Save to My ICO

Education Initiatives

not yet rated April 12, 2018 ICO Position on Training Teams

The International Council of Ophthalmology advocates for and encourages comprehensive team training as an essential strategy to achieve Universal Eye Health.

There is evidence that patients receive higher quality care and are safer when services are provided by effective teams. Training as a team promotes better communication, coordination, and cooperation.

Transitioning from traditional clinical, institutionally-based training for ophthalmologists to a wider team-based training approach will both optimize performance and contribute to accessible, affordable, comprehensive eye care for the betterment of our patients and communities.


  • Board of Directors, International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO)
  • Board of Directors, International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB)
  • Board of Directors, International Joint Commission on Allied Health Personnel in Ophthalmology (IJCAHPO)
  • Board of Directors, Joint Commission on Allied Health Personnel in Ophthalmology (JCAHPO)

Read the ICO Position on Training Teams

URL (252 KB) | Save to My ICO

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